The Law on Local Self-Government and Local Administration defines local authorities in Bulgaria as the main administrative-territorial units, in which local self-government takes place. Local self-government is carried out by the district and municipal administration.
As the main administrative-territorial unit, in which local self-government takes place, the Constitution defines the municipality. The municipalities can independently form their own management structure and independently form the personal composition of their bodies. The local self-government in the municipality is expressed in the right of the citizens, either individually or through bodies chosen by them, within the competence granted to them to solve issues of local importance.
The district, is an administrative-territorial unit that coordinates the activities in the economic, social and cultural sector through the regional administration. It is governed by a governor appointed by the government. There are 28 districts in Bulgaria. In the cross-border area Bulgaria - Romania there are 8 regional administrations.
Local Councils of municipalities in Romania are a deliberative authority with headquarters in each municipality. The Local Council consists of councillors elected through universal, equal, direct and free vote, under the conditions provided by the Law of Local Elections. The mayor in charge of a municipality is elected according to the law and validated by the court. The mayor performs a position of public authority, under the law. The mayor ensures the observance of the fundamental rights and liberties of the citizens, the provisions of the Constitution, the implementation of the laws, the decrees of the President of Romania, the decisions and ordinances of the Government and the decisions of the Local Council. In order to implement the competencies given by the above normative acts, the mayor benefits from a specialized apparatus that he leads and he is assisted by two deputy mayors, a public administrator and a secretary of the municipality (a public civil servant). The mayor, the deputy mayor, the public administrator, the secretary of the municipality together with the specialty apparatus represent the CITY HALL OF A MUNICIPALITY, a functional structure with permanent activity that fulfills the decisions of the Local Council and the provisions of the mayor, solving the current problems of the local community. There are 7 counties in the cross-border area Bulgaria - Romania.